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    The Rise and Fall of Free Software

    • Techrights; By Roy Schestowitz (Posted by schestowitz on Feb 22, 2020 12:38 PM EDT)
    • Groups: GNU, Linux
    “We simply need to make the movement less corporate, and more grassroots.”

    Using Python and GNU Octave to plot data

    Data science is a domain of knowledge that spans programming languages. Some are well-known for solving problems in this space, while others are lesser-known.?This article will?help you become familiar?with doing data science with some popular languages. read more

    Pgrep Command in Linux

    • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Feb 19, 2020 7:08 AM EDT)
    • Groups: GNU
    The pgrep command is used to find out the PIDs of a running program based on different criteria.

    How to use byobu to multiplex SSH sessions

    Byobu is a text-based window manager and terminal multiplexer. It's similar to GNU Screen but more modern and more intuitive. It also works on most Linux, BSD, and Mac distributions. Byobu allows you to maintain multiple terminal windows, connect via SSH (secure shell), disconnect, reconnect, and even let other people access it, all while keeping the session alive. read more

    Bash Sequence Expression (Range)

    • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Feb 10, 2020 3:03 PM EDT)
    • Groups: GNU
    The Bash sequence expression generates a range of integers or characters by defining a start and the end point of the range.

    How To Ping Specific Port Number

    Used by system administrators on a daily basis, the ping command, relying on the ICMP protocol, retrieves operational information about remote hosts.

    However, pinging hosts is not always sufficient : you may need to ping a specific port on your server. This specific port might be related to a database, or to an Apache web server or even to a proxy server on your network.

    How To Switch Branch on Git

    When working on a project, you are probably managing many different branches in your repository. As the number of branches grow, you may need to work on different tasks in parallel, going from one branch to another all the time. As a consequence, you may need to switch branches very frequently.

    6 open governance questions every project needs to answer

    When we think about what needs to be in place for an open source project to function, one of the first things to come to mind is probably a license. For one thing, absent an approved Open Source Initiative (OSI) license, a project isn’t truly open source in the minds of many. Furthermore, the choice to use a copyleft license like the GNU General Public License (GPL) or a permissive license like Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) can affect the sort of community that grows up around and uses the project.

    Free Software (as in Copyleft/GPL) Will Eventually Win for the Same Reasons GNU/Linux Did

    The “OS war” may be over (Linux — typically with GNU — as de facto standard in most technical sectors including Microsoft's), so the war on this inevitable paradigm change has shifted to licensing and GitHub is a major attack vector

    How To Zip Folder on Linux

    • devconnected; By devconnected (Posted by SCHKN on Feb 2, 2020 8:40 AM EDT)
    • Story Type: Tutorial; Groups: GNU, Linux
    From all the compression methods available, Zip is probably one of the most popular ones.

    Released in 1989 by Philip Katz, Zip is widely used by system administrators in order to reduce the size of bulky files and directories on your system.

    In this tutorial, we are going to see how you can easily zip folders and directories on Linux using the zip command.

    How To Amend Git Commit Message

    If you followed our previous articles on writing Git commit messages, you know how important it can be to write insightful and descriptive commit messages.

    However, in some cases, you probably created your commits already and you will need to amend your Git commit message.

    In this tutorial, you will learn how you can amend your Git commit message easily.

    Bash Select

    • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Jan 31, 2020 12:25 AM EDT)
    • Groups: GNU
    The select construct allows you to generate menus.

    Linux Mint 19.3 Cinnamon – Using Cinnamon Desktop 4.4 and Powered by Linux Kernel 5.0

    Linux Mint 19.3 is the latest minor release of Linux Mint 19. The release available in the flavors Cinnamon, Mate and Xfce as usually, introduces several changes and new features, brings refinements, and bug fixes among other things.

    Bash break and continue

    Loops allow you to run one or more commands multiple times until a certain condition is met. However, sometimes you may need to alter the flow of the loop and terminate the loop or only the current iteration. In Bash, break and continue statements allows you to control the loop execution.

    Guest Post: Free Software is About Software Ownership

    Free software” is a confusing name/term. The “free” here means freedom. So it is freedom software. But to exercise freedom you need something more. What is that? You have to own the software. Therefore, free software is about ownership of software.

    GNU Linux-Libre 5.5 Kernel Arrives for Those Seeking 100% Freedom for Their PCs

    The GNU Linux-Libre 5.5 kernel has been released today as a 100% free version of the Linux 5.5 kernel, shipping only with free and open source drivers.

    How To Git Commit With Message

    Git commit messages are crucial : they are used in order to describe and share with others what you did. They are also used when trying to hotfix issues happening on your master branches. In this tutorial, you are going to learn how you can create Git commits with messages.

    How To Create a Git Branch

    Git branches are created in order to isolate specific Git commits from the rest of your main Git history. If you main Git history is based on the master branch, you can create a separate Git branch in order to develop new features and merge them later on.

    In this tutorial, we are going to see how you can easily create a Git branch.

    Id command in Linux

    • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Jan 18, 2020 4:37 PM EDT)
    • Groups: GNU
    id is a command-line utility that prints the real and effective user and group IDs.

    The FSF and GNU Need a Better Savannah to Attract GitHub Refugees

    • TThomas Grzybowski’s explanation of why GitHub poses a risk to software freedom and what can be done about itechrights; By Roy Schestowitz/Thomas Grzybowski (Posted by schestowitz on Jan 15, 2020 12:41 AM EDT)
    • Groups: GNU, Microsoft
    Thomas Grzybowski’s explanation of why GitHub poses a risk to software freedom and what can be done about it

    Open Letter to Richard Stallman About the Free Software Movement

    New letter to the founder of GNU and the FSF; the authors “wish to have it published as an open letter as well.”

    A Brief History of Open Source Software, Part 3: The FOSS Environment Today

    In this third and final installment, I survey the rich landscape of hosting organizations, platforms and supporting tools that support the development of FOSS today.

    What is Open Source Software?

    You may have heard about the term "open source" and wondered what it means? Here's your quick article about everything you should know.

    Microsoft's Proprietary Software That Spies on Everyone 'Does an AWS' on Free Software

    Microsoft keeps buying ad space in magazines, compromising their integrity and tarnishing brands such as "Linux" (making it look like merely a component available with Vista 10)

    How to Show and Hide GRUB Menu on Ubuntu 18.04

    GRUB is a boot loader that functions to prepare the operating system when the computer is turned on. Usually, we can see the default grub display on Ubuntu Linux with various menus. If you install more than 1 operating system on Ubuntu. You can choose the operating system to run through GRUB when booting.

    Free Software Means Not Monopolies With Publicly-Available Code

    Packages such as systemd (“packages” would be an understatement — that’s like calling Linux a “package”) present a new kind of threat, which some in the community have dubbed “Open Source Proprietary Software” (or “OSPS” for short); we need prominent groups and projects to highlight the nature of this threat, which serves to promote monopolies (open gateway into complexity, aided by silence and complicity)

    A Brief History of Open Source Software, Part 2: OSS Licenses and Legalities

    In this installment, we'll explore how Richard Stallman's revolutionary free and open source licensing philosophy spread and forked, and where it has taken us to today.

    How To Undo Last Git Commit

    If you are a web developer or a software engineer, it is very likely that you are pushing a lot of commits to your Git repository everyday. However, in some cases, you committed some files that should not be pushed to your Git repository. Sometimes, you may want to perform additional changes before issuing the commit. As a consequence, you need to undo the last commit from your Git repository. In this tutorial, we are going to see how you can easily undo the last commit, maybe to re-commit changes later on.

    Who Will Succeed the Current Free Software Leaders

    Most FOSS leaders came into prominence during the 1980s and 90s and are now approaching, or have passed, the age when most people retire. Are free software organizations ready for the change that appears to be just around the corner?

    How To Clone a Git Repository

    In order to start working with Git, you can either create your own Git repository or you can clone an existing Git repository. In this tutorial, we are going to focus on cloning an existing Git repository. We are also going to see different ways to clone a specific branch, to clone using a SSH key and to solve access denied issues.

    Understanding the /etc/shadow File

    • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Dec 28, 2019 9:13 PM EDT)
    • Groups: GNU, Linux
    The /etc/shadow file keeps records about encrypted users' passwords, as well as other passwords related information.

    Bash: Append to File

    • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Dec 25, 2019 9:23 AM EDT)
    • Groups: GNU, Linux
    In Bash, there are multiple ways to append text to a file. This article explains some of them.

    Basic Linux Commands

    • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Dec 24, 2019 3:51 PM EDT)
    • Groups: GNU, Linux
    The command line gives you more power over your system and access to features that are not available through a graphical interface.

    Mansion of Pedophilia - Part II: Dr. Stallman Defamed in the Media One Day After Request Made for King County Sheriff’s Office to Divulge Information About Pedophilia in Home of Bill Gates

    The media mostly stopped talking about Bill Gates using Jeffrey Epstein as his 'mule' (passing millions of dollars to MIT) the moment the police was contacted for all the information pertaining to pedophilia at his home; shortly afterwards Richard Stallman was ejected from MIT (forced resignation)

    It Matters a Lot What You Call the System

    Why the best name for the best operating system would be “GNU”, not “Linux” (media has twisted the words so as to marginalise GNU and its politics/philosophy)

    Software Freedom and The U.S. Constitution

    We need to stand for the freedom to not use the software — we need to enjoy that freedom without giving up the rest of the existing Free software ecosystem.

    Guest Article: The Free Software Movement Should Come Out From the Box

    • Techrights; By Jagadees (Posted by schestowitz on Dec 15, 2019 5:51 AM EDT)
    • Groups: GNU
    "From now onwards we have to think from a user’s rights perspective and mobilise users of Free software. They should know what rights they ought to get."

    We Support GNU and the FSF But Remain Sceptical and Occasionally Worry About an RMS-less FSF

    • Techrights; By Roy Schestowitz (Posted by schestowitz on Dec 13, 2019 10:46 PM EDT)
    • Groups: GNU
    Richard Stallman (RMS) is not in charge of the FSF anymore (it’s Stallman who created the FSF) and there’s risk the decisions will be made by people who don’t share Stallman’s ethics or the FSF’s spirit

    Kill Command in Linux

    • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Dec 3, 2019 6:31 AM EDT)
    • Groups: GNU, Linux
    The kill command sends a signal to specified processes or process groups, causing them to act according to the signal.

    Understanding the /etc/passwd File

    • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Dec 1, 2019 8:33 PM EDT)
    • Groups: GNU, Linux
    The etc/passwd file is a text file with one entry per line, representing a user account.

    My Linux story: Covering open source in Spanish

    • Opensource.com; By Tyler Carrigan (Posted by bob on Nov 30, 2019 3:30 PM EDT)
    • Story Type: Tutorial; Groups: GNU, Linux
    From time to time, when I'm looking for some help on how to do something on my GNU/Linux desktop or server, I'll come across an article or conversation in a language other than English. If that language happens to be French or Spanish, that's fine for me. If it's in Portuguese or Italian, I can stumble through it. And, for other languages, occasionally, I'll give one of those online AI translators a go in the hopes of gleaning something useful.

    Guest Article: It All Began With Stallman

    How “Free Water” and “Free/Libre Software” (nowadays rebranded “OSS” or “FOSS”) relate to one another

    How To Checkout Git Tags

    • devconnected (Posted by SCHKN on Nov 28, 2019 5:09 AM EDT)
    • Story Type: Tutorial; Groups: GNU
    When working with Git, it is quite common for developers to create tags in order to have reference points in your development. Tags are created in order to have references to release versions for example. Furthermore, tags are Git objects meaning that they can be checked out like you would check out a branch or a commit for example.

    Four More Freedoms? Free Software Force Ponders Those and More

    I would be willing to contribute to a project that creates a second tier, or "Four More Freedoms" but I have to ask: what freedoms do we need that we don't have?

    GNU Linux-Libre 5.4 Kernel Released for Those Seeking 100% Freedom for Their PCs

    The GNU Linux-libre community announced today the release and general availability of the GNU Linux-libre 5.4 kernel for those seeking 100% freedom for their personal computers.

    Working Remotely with Linux Systems

    • devconnected; By devconnected (Posted by SCHKN on Nov 23, 2019 10:43 PM EDT)
    • Story Type: Tutorial; Groups: Debian, GNU
    In this tutorial, we are going to explore all the ways of working with remote Linux systems. From X11, to SSH until XRDP, you will learn everything that there is to know about remote Linux system administration.

    How to add tab completion to your scripts

    A tutorial for adding tab completion to your scripts using the Bash Programmable Completion functionality.

    APT Package Manager on Linux Explained

    In this tutorial, we are going to focus on Linux package management using the APT package manager. First, we are going to go through a bit of history on the origins of Open Source Software in order to grasp the fundamentals of Linux packages. Later on, we will be focusing a bit more on APT (Advanced Package Tool) and we are to see how you can compile your own programs in order to have custom installations.

    Whoami Command in Linux

    • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Nov 15, 2019 10:41 AM EDT)
    • Groups: GNU
    The whoami command is a compound of the words “Who am I?” and prints the name of the user associated with the current effective user ID.

    Edit Images on Fedora Easily With GIMP

    GIMP (short for GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a free and open-source image manipulation software. With many capabilities ranging from simple image editing to complex filters, scripting and even animation, it is a good alternative to popular commercial options. Read on to learn how to install and use GIMP on Fedora. This article covers basic […]

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